The Sundarbans (meaning, the beautiful forest in the local language, Bangla), lies on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers off the Bay of Bengal. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sundarbans). The forest covers 10,000 sq km of which about 6,000 sq km is in Bangladesh and the rest in India and features in the UNESCO world heritage list since 1997. Many of its plants and animal species are not found anywhere else in the world. It is the smallest of the 37 wilderness areas that represent 46 percent of the Earth’s land surface, but are populated by just 2.4% of the world’s population. After intensive survey of scientific literature, it was surprising to know that the microbiology of the Sundarbans is largely unknown. Therefore, the major focus of our workgroup is to investigate the microbial ecology of the Sundarbans as well as the biotechnological applications of the microbial biodiversity.